A new movement springs to life as Thaipusam devotees shun Batu Caves, throng temples elsewhere


Update – 8.45 pm, Penang: Some 2,000 Hindu Malaysians, clad in the orange of Makkal Sakthi, are on the streets, chanting, “Hindraf! Hindraf! Long live Hindraf!”

It’s confirmed: The boycott of Batu Caves for the Thaipusam festival has been a success. Tens – perhaps hundreds – of thousands of Hindu Malaysian devotees have boycotted Batu Caves – which experienced at least a 30 per cent drop in attendance. They have instead turned to temples elsewhere for the annual Thaipusam festival.

In the process, a new movement – Makkal Sakthi (People Power) closely associated with support for Hindraf – has sprung to life, flexing its muscles in numbers. What makes it astonishing is that there is no organised structure or secretariat behind the movement, made up largely of marginalised Indian Malaysians. It was instead just ordinary people sending out mobile phone text messages, asking people to stay away from Batu Caves and instead go to other temples.

The implications are profound. It represents a de-coupling of popular religous devotion from the vested interests of the political-religious nexus. Put differently, it is indicative of a marginalised community no longer trusting a major temple authority because of its perceived close links to the ruling political elite and its perceived betrayal of the legitimate interests of the community. The adherents of the religion no longer want anything to do with those religious officials who are in cohorts with political masters who have already lost much of their political – and now religious – legitimacy.

The boycott has blown apart any attempt by Samy Vellu and the mainstream media to equate the attendance at a religious festival in Batu Caves with support for the MIC/BN. Clearly, the attempt to tie the MIC and Samy Vellu’s political legitimacy to the turnout at a religious festival – as if the devotees were there to pay homage to them – has failed miserably.

A couple of eye-witnesses who visited Batu Caves this morning told me that the turnout for the Thaipusam festival early this morning was distinctly smaller.

Remember, this is despite Thaipusam now being a public holiday in KL from this year. One would have expected a bigger turnout with people having the day off there.

One source told me that he felt the turnout was about 30 per cent lower.

A second source told me that the drop exceeded 30 per cent but not as much as half. She told me that during the same time (early morning) last year, the entrance to the Batu Caves temple premises was jammed. But not today.

A third source told me that a climb that would normally take 3-4 hours to complete – inching one’s way up the steps leading to the temple at the top and back – this time took only an hour.

Update (24 January): Malaysiakini and theSun both confirmed the smaller turnout at Batu Caves.

In contrast, Samy Vellu was reported as saying that the crowd was at least half a million people at the complex and a million the day before. “I have come to Thaipusam since I was 11 years old. I know the crowd. It is the same as before,” he told the press.

And what to make of this?

Call To Boycott Thaipusam In Batu Caves Ignored, One Million Turn Up

KUALA LUMPUR, Jan 23 (Bernama) — Calls made to Hindus through short messaging service (SMS) to boycott Thaipusam festival in Batu Caves fizzled out as hundreds of thousands of devotees thronged the Sri Subramaniaswamy Temple here to pay their annual homage to Lord Muruga.

As of noon Wednesday, not less than 500,000 people, both locals and foreigners, flocked to the temple to fulfil their vows, MIC president Datuk Seri S. Samy Vellu said.

Oh, Bernama… Oh, Samy…

This morning, devotees could actually approach close to the altar with their paal kudam (milk pots) unhindered by the sea of humanity that would have obstructed their path in previous years. Many people had also turned up a couple of days earlier to fulfil their vows, said another source. And when they were asked for their chits (indicating they had paid about RM10) upon presentation of their paal kudam, many just glared back and refused to comply – which could be why the fee is reportedly only optional today.

A couple of stall owners grumbled that business had been poor. They had apparently paid RM2,500 for a small stall and RM5,000 for a bigger area. Even the eating stalls/areas were not crowded.

“It’s very noticeable that it is a much smaller crowd this year,” said my second contact. “The shop-owners told me business was affected.”

Tens of thousands of devotees have gone to other temples instead including the Pandamaran temple in Port Klang. When contacted at the scene, Charles Santiago of the Monitoring Globalisation research unit told me over the background din that the turnout was anything between 30,000 and 40,000. Update (24 January): Press reports say the total turnout over the entire celebration here reached 100,000, which is what another source told me. Now, this is remarkable when you consider that Port Klang is not normally associated with huge Thaipusam festivities.

Hindu devotees have also thronged smaller temples in Kuala Selangor, Klang and elsewhere in Selangor. One small temple in Klang, which in previous years would receive only about 30 paal kudam, this time received over a hundred milk pots, as some 3,000 devotees showed up.

Over in Penang, the Thaipusam crowds have been overwhelming, according to one contact at the scene. Near the race-course, a panthal (rest stop for those carrying kavadi) selling Makkal Sakthi (People Power) T-shirts and CDs has been enjoying brisk sales. The panthal is also displaying pictures of the Hindraf Five, detained under the ISA.

“The response has been fantastic,” said my contact. “Many young people are wearing the Makkal Sakthi T-shirts and greeting each other with cries of ‘Makkal Sakthi’. There was such a peaceful yet strong spirit of camaderie among those present. ” Hundreds are said to be wearing the yellowish-orange Makkal Sakthi attire. (I hope those in the Makkal Sakthi movement will extend their hands in solidarity with Malaysians of other ethnic groups and religious backgrounds who are also struggling for justice – and vice versa.)

He excitedly told me that the crowd this time was “100% more” than last year and he had seen buses from out of town. Update (24 January): Another witness confirmed that he had seen many buses, with a couple of people telling him there were 200-300 buses from out of town. One social activist told me there were many more people on the streets this year, compared to last year, when there was lots more space for people to move around. An academic at the scene also agreed the crowds were much bigger, with more people carrying milk pots. Strangely, theSun reported that the crowds in Penang were “much smaller” and traffic was “free flowing on roads leading to the temple.” Celebrations, the paper added, were “subdued”.

The official Thaipusam organisers in Penang had announced a ban on political parties setting up stalls along the road leading to the Waterfall Temple. This could be linked to SMS messages that are believed to have been circulating, asking people to boycott the MIC stall – which would have left the DAP stall as the centre of attention. In any case, one of my sources tells me there is now a “Karpal Singh panthal” outside his residence, which lies along the Jalan Utama route nearing the Waterfall Temple!

Similarly, Ipoh and Sungai Petani are believed to have experienced huge turnouts this year, but I await confirmation of this. Update (24 January): TheSun quoted a witness in Ipoh as saying the crowd was “unusually big this year”. She also heard it announced that the crowd was three times bigger than last year.

All said, it looks like the boycott call by Makkal Sakthi/Hindraf supporters has successfully diverted a large number of people away from Batu Caves. The boycott was called after many Indian Malaysians expressed unhappiness over the way the Batu Caves temple authorities handled the situation on 25 Nov 2007. Riot police arrived to spray water cannon and tear gas in the direction of the crowd gathered inside the Batu Cave temple premises in the early hours of dawn before the Hindraf rally later that day, sparking anger.

Share with me your Thaipusam experience in the “comments” below, okay… which temple you visited, what the atmosphere was like, the crowd size (was it bigger than last year or smaller?), the Makkal Sakthi spirit, what people were saying, anything of interest…

I wish all Hindu Malaysians blessings of peace and goodwill this Thaipusam.

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8 Feb 2009 11.16pm

batu caves is all about money$$ these days. i do not know what sort of people are running that place but i dare say that no respectable or religious hindu would round up snakes (i thought snakes were sacred as they represent wisdom?) and stick them into pathetic little glass tanks to make money off visitors. and did anyone of you notice the 2 monkeys caged up near the entrance to the gallery? fyi – tourists do not react well to such cruelty that the temple authorities deem to be an attraction. the motivation behind such stupid actions screams of… Read more »

1 Feb 2008 6.56pm

The Politicians and the Temple Leaderships over the years have allegedly been in cahoots in conducting the Thai Pusam celebrations at Batu Caves as well as in the temples associated with the celebration and contributions along the route taken by the Ratham. Would someone reaaly know exactly how much was collected from the Public and Devotees over the years since the War. l It is alleged that tenants of the temporary lots for selling odds and ends had to pay under the counter in the past in addition to the rental of about RM4,000.00 to RM 5,000.00 for a Lot.… Read more »

Siew Eng
Siew Eng
26 Jan 2008 9.56am
26 Jan 2008 1.33am

“I have come to Thaipusam since I was 11 years old. I know the crowd. It is the same as before” (Samy quoted). I think he still feel and think like an 11 years old. What a pity? MIC has got a boy to lead them.

25 Jan 2008 11.26pm

from johor bahru,yes the crowd was much higher from previous
also never heard from the surrounding indian community that
they are going to batu cave.
finally I can seen the gathering storm and it is getting more
powerful each day.It will strike so powerful that we have not seen
before on election day.
I salute to hindraf,makal sahkthi,ngo and other parties who are
bringing this change

26 Jan 2008 5.33pm

Hi ALL .. my home in kl batu caves . where i was in indian settelement . maybe some may know where is the indian settelement and how near the place to bt caves temple.. so close the temple for me when i was there for 26years. but recently BN demolish all the houses.. the issue happen last year nov 25 at the temple really heard pain for me, cauz the people who were trapped inside the gate were sprayed with water tonne and tear gas.. really painful….. so makkal sakthy boycot to bt caves temple and i my self… Read more »

26 Jan 2008 4.45pm

I did notice that the Star’s main pictures day after Thaipusam didn’t dare show the ‘huge’ crowd. The photos only showed some peoples’ heads. Trying to cover some other people’s embarrassment?

political awakening
political awakening
24 Jan 2008 5.15pm

Samy should explain why the Kommuter and LRT trains were empty on 22nd and 23rd January 2007. To justify that almost one million people were at Batu Caves. The buses where also empty with very few passengers. Why there were less shops, why the business were very bad. Samy has to do a post-mortem on his failure as a leader who has failed in his mission. If he doesn’t leave then the people will force him out. The temple committe has yet to withdraw the police complaint made against the peaceful marchers of the Hindraf Rally who had gathered at… Read more »

Vejayan Chinnaiah
Vejayan Chinnaiah
24 Jan 2008 3.10pm

Knowing that the Indians are boycotting Batu Caves, why the hell the traders risked paying RM5000.00 to take up stalls and later cry no business……………the traders should have boycotted to be on the save side of not loosing money.

24 Jan 2008 12.05am

Total turnout at Port Klang is around 100K, according to temple officials.

23 Jan 2008 5.50pm

Post some pics, please.

23 Jan 2008 3.33pm

Huge turnout in Port Klang. The Makkal Sakthi spirit everywhere there, with sea of orange scarf & t-shirts.

23 Jan 2008 12.44pm

Since im in kl,i didnt go for thaipusam this year…not because of boycotting but i took the holiday to from rest and complete my assignments. so i would like to hook on to ur blog to get updates and informations :-).

24 Jan 2008 2.23pm

I have seen Thaipusam for many years in Sungai Petani (SP) – one of the best. And have also seen Thaipusam in Bt Caves (BC) for the past 10 years or so. Yesterday (last night) I was there in BC but the crowd for me, frankly speaking, smaller than those in SP many years back. For me to get parking was like a piece of cake – never experienced before.

Very very obvious. . . less less crowd.

26 Jan 2008 11.47pm

Declaring a hoilday for Thaipusam in KUL/Putrajaya just backfired. The Hindu devotees have the extra time to visit other more remote shrines away from Batu Caves.

people power
people power
24 Jan 2008 12.55pm

Thaipusam festival at Batu Caves attended by 1 million people is all lies. Video clips shown on RTM 1 & 2 are from previous years. The KTM staff interviewed resigned from KTM 2 years ago. KTM ticket collection shows that there was an 80% drop in passengers going to Batu Caves. Samy became very defensive at the press conference. He is blaming the Sms messages sent out. A second wake up call for Samy to resign and leave the scene and for the government that Indians are a force to be reckoned with. A slap in the face for Samy… Read more »