Maaf zahir dan batin to all readers.
Zahir refers to the outer, material or physical or what is apparent whereas batin refers to the inner, spiritual or what is not so apparent. So “maaf zahir dan batin” refers to seeking forgiveness for both these kinds of transgressions. After all these years, I only learned that from a Muslim friend yesterday.
May the peace, goodwill, compassion, love, justice, unity and the spirit of forgiveness and reconciliation among us this Raya prevail over those promoting hatred, illwill and divisiveness.
For your reading pleasure this weekend, check out these two articles:
Ramadhan reflections on 1MDB, sarongs and the Low Yat brawl by Zaharom Nain, published by Aliran.
In Malaysian politics, keep calm and amok on! by Sophie Lemiere, originally published by New Mandala. This piece discusses Pekida among other things.
By the way, do you know there is a right-wing group called Pegida in Germany?! But quite the opposite of what Pekida stands for. Strange and fascinating world we live in.